Family Business Transfers
Part Three: The Recipe For Success
Ingredient 2: One Child Shall Succeed In Business Ownership
In the last two issues of this newsletter, we looked at the obstacles unique to a family business transfer as well as the first ingredient in a six-ingredient recipe for successful family transfers. In this issue, we take a look at the second ingredient: limiting ownership to one child.
SECOND INGREDIENT: ONE CHILD SHALL SUCCEED IN BUSINESS OWNERSHIP
It is easy to recognize those business owners who have dedicated their lives to ensuring a successful transfer of a family-run business - they have but one child.
There are two possible ownership scenarios for families having more than one child. The first is that more than one child is active in the business. In that case, the predominant issue is to determine how multiple children are to share the control and ownership of the company. The second is having one business-active child and one or more children inactive. The primary concern in that case is to give the business to the active child while being fair to everyone else (Ingredient Two).
Owners in the first situation must ask themselves, "How can children who couldn't share a ninety-eight cent toy when they were younger now share the ownership, management, and control of a successful, multi-million dollar business enterprise?"
Forcing children to work together ordinarily creates an unnatural coalition of differing talents and desires, united only by bloodline. Contrast that situation with business partnerships that do work: two or more individuals enter voluntarily into a business arrangement for their mutual benefit, each contributing experience, talent, and perhaps money. In return they each receive an agreed upon, negotiated, ownership interest in the business - a proportion they agree upon, not a proportion given to them by someone else. Further, they are likely to have similar goals, aspirations, drive and ability. Desire for business success brings them together, not family ties.
Family ties of a different sort can also create dissension and discord. Adult children who, years before, found sharing a toy difficult (if not impossible) because of sibling rivalry now find another relative introduced into the mix: their spouses. The influence of a spouse on a child's business decisions is similar to the influence gasoline has on fire. Whether the son- or daughter-in-law becomes active in the business or simply offers observations, an already warm brew can begin to boil. For this reason, co-ownership among siblings is rarely permanent, especially once the parents are out of the picture.
Look at this issue another way. As a business owner, you know many other owners. How many of them share ownership equally with a brother or sister?
In many family-run businesses, a parent did once co-own the business with one or more brothers or sisters. Over the years, however, those siblings dropped out or were bought out of ownership. It would seem that co-ownership just doesn't work for most families. It's unlikely to work for yours.
This second ingredient - transferring the business to one child - must now be blended with the quest for the third: fairness to all children.
If at this point you still wish to attempt a transfer to more than one child there are several business characteristics that will increase your limited chances for success.
Subsequent issues of The Exit Planning Navigator® discuss all aspects of Exit Planning.